Other mistake: During his final discussion with Tomalok, Picard tells him that the Enterprise will escort the Romulan ship back to The Neutral Zone. However, as the episode ends, the two ships are heading off in opposite directions. Both the Enterprise and Romulan warbirds have demonstrated in the past that they can spin on their axis from a standstill. There is no reason for either ship to head away from the other to turn around.
Other mistake: While down in the pit Geordi makes a couple of spikes to climb out with. When the phaser beam is melting the ore, the metal goes molten about two inches in front of the beam. Also, the spikes are rounded, like handles. The molds he made would have left a flat side.
Other mistake: One of the physical appearances Lal considers adopting is an Andorian female with green skin. In the Trek universe, Andorians invariably have blue skin (the Aenar are a variant of the Andorian race but are depicted with bluish-white skin, still not green). And while other humanoid races have been portrayed with different skin tones, there are some races that have only one skin hue. (ie, Andorians are always blue, Orions are always green, Ferengi are always light orange.) It is highly unlikely she or Data designed it with different skin as Data wants her to fit in, and Troi makes no mention of it.