Factual error: Throughout the battle scenes on the ridge, the machine gunners can be seen picking up the guns to fire on the move. While not impossible, not as painless as it is made to appear. The M1919 .30 caliber air cooled machine gun was light enough to carry. But for the gunner to hold an already hot barrel and continue firing would have been extremely painful without the issued heat retardant mitten or the barrel "hoop" w/ wooden handle. These fixes allowed the gun to be fired on the move and saved many from having their palms burned and scarred for life.
Factual error: When Desmond's father is in his WW1 uniform, to the far right he is wearing a French Croix de Guerre (Cross of War) - the medals themselves are identical however, this decoration incorrectly hangs from a WW2 type ribbon.
Factual error: Once the men first climb up to "Hacksaw Ridge," the camera pans over numerous corpses. One of them has an M1 Helmet lying on its top to where the liner is seen. The liner has the web suspension straps cross each other instead of being tied in the center. This means the liner is a Vietnam era type, and not World War II.
Continuity mistake: When the Privates are having their furloughs authorised, Colonel Sangston walks in with Corporal Cannon. Only those two men walk in. Corporal Cannon moves from the doorway to give Desmond Doss his rifle leaving no-one by the doorway. After Desmond refuses to touch the rifle, the Colonel shouts at Desmond. Out of nowhere Captain Glover mysteriously appears in the doorway. (00:48:40 - 00:50:10)
Factual error: The soldiers somehow have cool looking, perfectly fitting dress uniforms, on the day of their enlistment or before they've gone to boot camp. Not something they've have so quickly.
Factual error: When the Japanese commander is committing seppuku near the end of the final battle, after he makes the first cut his second cuts his head clean off, and it can be seen falling to the ground in front of his body. While having a second perform this act was indeed commonly part of the ritual, the second was actually supposed to ensure that the neck was not cut cleanly through, i.e. He was supposed to stop short and leave the head attached to the body by a small flap of tissue. It was considered extremely undignified and unnecessarily messy for the head to come clean off and roll around on the ground. For that reason, it was important to choose a second who was a skilled swordsman.
Factual error: In the courtroom scene, The Judge (Philip Quast) wears the Legion of Merit ribbon in the Commander Grade (Crimson ribbon with silver gold bow-knot (rosette)) left of the purple heart ribbon. However, the Legion of Merit is only authorized for u.s. Servicemembers in the Legionnaire Degree (plain ribbon with no markers). The only US exception to this were Gen. Lyman L. Lemnitzer and 59 other officers who received the degree of Officer (gold rosette on ribbon), still a lesser degree than Commander.
Continuity mistake: When Dorothy finds the feather Desmond left in her book, she picks it up with her right hand and pulls the feather out with her left. She then sets the book down. When it cuts to the close up of the feather the feather is now in her right hand and the book has magically jumped of the table and into her left hand.
Continuity mistake: When Desmond and Dorothy are on the mountain top and kiss, the side to which they tilt their heads switches back and forth several times as the camera switches between looking into the face of one then the other.